A Guide on Endometriosis

Endometriosis is a condition that results from the uterine lining tissues growing in other reproductive organs, such as the fallopian tube and ovaries. These tissues also bleed every month, but the blood cannot leave the body. This causes the formation of scar tissues, pain, and inflammation.

Endometriosis usually results from high oestrogen levels, which enhance the growth of uterine lining tissues outside the uterus. The condition usually affects about one in ten women between puberty and menopause, with diagnosis occurring in an average of 7.5 years.

Symptoms of endometriosis

The following are some common symptoms occurring in people experiencing endometriosis

  • Lower tummy or back pain, which worsens during periods
  • Diarrhoea
  • Heavy periods
  • Pain during and after sex
  • Fertility issues and difficulty getting pregnant
  • Nausea
  • Tiredness and fatigue
  • Pain when you go to the toilet duringperiods
  • Period pain
  • Blood in urine during periods

Diagnosis of endometriosis

If you experience symptoms of endometriosis, you need to book an appointment with your gynaecologist. The doctor may recommend advanced hormone testing and other screening to help identify imbalance in sex hormones.

Treating endometriosis

Different treatments are available for endometriosis, and your doctor may recommend any of the following to relieve your symptoms.

  • Surgery, such as hysterectomyto remove a part or all the organs affected
  • Pain killers such as ibuprofen
  • Surgery to remove patches of affected tissues
  • Contraceptives and hormone medicine

Lifestyle and diet changes to manage endometriosis

Your doctor may recommend the following to improve endometriosis symptoms by balancing hormones, enhancing natural detoxification, and reducing inflammation.

Some helpful lifestyle and dirt changes include:

Eating an anti-inflammatory diet

  • Whole and natural foods, including different fruits and vegetables to get sufficient phytonutrients
  • Eliminating gluten and dairy foods to check if your symptoms improve
  • Reduce refined carbohydrates, processed foods, alcohol, caffeine, red meat, and sugar
  • Take healthy fats and oily fish to get the anti-inflammatory benefits of omega-3 fatty acids

Organic foods

Opt for organic vegetables, meat and fruits to reduce pesticides, chemical and hormone intake from foods.

Manage blood sugar

Managing your blood sugar helps keep your insulin at the normal level and reduce inflammation

Manage weight

Obesity and being overweight increases the risk of inflammation and oestrogen dominance

Reduce exposure to xenoestrogens

Reducing your exposure to endocrine-disrupting chemicals and xenoestrogens, like BPA in paraben in personal care products and cosmetics, plastic products and bottles.

Reduce stress

Reducing stress and taking steps to improve stress management can help relieve endometriosis symptoms.


Exercising helps to reduce inflammation, enhance the release of pain-relieving endorphins, and stimulate the body’s lymphatic system to remove excess oestrogen in the body.


Getting enough sleep can help reduce sensitivity to pain and stress.

If you experience symptoms of endometriosis or think you suffer from the condition, ensure you call 020 7183 0435 to book an appointment at Gynaecology Clinic. Our gynaecologist will examine you and carry out some tests to check whether you are experiencing endometriosis or not.

If you experience symptoms, ensure you take note of the symptoms and when they occur, as this would make diagnosis easier.