7 Things You should Know when Having Heavy Periods
One of the major gynaecological concerns these days is heavy periods and women had been putting up this issue in silence for a very long time. They had been eagerly waiting for the days when they will be able to change their sanitary protection. Go through this blogpost to take necessary steps for providing the best quality of sanitary napkins and having your periods safely. The high-quality, organic and sustainable period products are really worth checking out.
1. There is no ‘right’ amount of blood to lose during periods – Most women lose nearly 80ml of blood during their menstrual cycle. Your period can be described as heavy when you lose more than this amount or your periods seem to last for 7 days or more. However, what might seem heavy for one woman may be completely normal for another. So, when you what to know if your bleeding is excessive, if you are in London advised to consult with your private gynecologist in London and discuss if it will fit with any of these issues:
- Need to change your sanitary products in every 1to 2 hours
- Pass blood clots larger than 2.5cm
- Bleeding or flooding through to your clothes
- Have to double up on sanitary products such as tampons and pads
2. There might be an underlying cause for heavy bleeding – There is actually no underlying cause for almost half of women. But if your period is very heavy, then you need to visit your gynaecologist who can suggest if you need to perform any testing and detect the underlying cause. Some conditions of the ovaries and womb that may lead to heavy bleeding are:
- Fibroids – These are non-cancerous growths that usually develop in or around the womb and can lead to heavy periods.
- Endometrial polyps – They are somewhat similar to non-cancerous growths in the cervix or womb lining.
- Endometriosis – The tissue that lines the womb or endometrium is usually found outside the womb like in the fallopian tubes and ovaries.
- Adenomyosis – The tissue from the womb lining may get embedded in the wall of your womb and cause painful periods.
- Pelvic inflammatory disease or PID – This is a type of infection in your upper genital tract which is the fallopian tubes, the womb or ovaries and cause symptoms such as abdominal or pelvicpain, bleeding inbetween periods or after enjoying sexual interourse, high temperature and vaginal discharge.
- Endometrial or womb cancer – This is quite rare in pre-menopausal women, and would be accompanied due to new or sudden change in bleeding than lifelong heavy periods.
3. Having tests might help to know the exact cause – Your gynae may start by conducting basic blood tests that include checking to know if you are anaemic and have thyroid hormone levels. After conducting a physical examination, they might suggest undergoing further tests such as:
- An ultrasound scan
- Hysteroscopy in which a narrow telescope with camera and light at the end is passed into your womb through the vagina to detect the inside of yourwomb
- Endometrial biopsy done during hysteroscopy and involves taking a sample from the womb lining.
4. Losing too much blood might make you anaemic – If you are experiencing heavy periods, then this might cause you to loose blood much quickly and make you anaemic. This means you do not have sufficient red blood cells to carry oxygen around your body and thus, feel extremely dizzy, tired or shortness of breath. If you are anaemic, your gynaecologist will check by conducting a blood test and then prescribe iron replacement with tablets.
5. Different treatments are there to help your condition – Some of the treatment options include the following:
- A coil aka intrauterine system (IUS) – This is a small device, often called a mirena, that has hormone progestogen inserted into the womb.
- Non-hormonal treatments – These are tranexamic acid or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS)
- Hormonal treatmnets – This is the combined oral contraceptive pill or progestogen tablets
- Endometrial ablation – This is a procedure to remove the lining of your womb
- Myomectomy – This is a kind of surgery can help to get rid of fibroids
- Uterine artery embolisation – This is a method to shrink fibroids
- Hysterectomy – This form of surgery can help to remove the womb
6. Treatment depends on when you want to conceive – It is extremely important to discuss about your family planning with the gynae expert before you may even think to start with any treatment. If you do not want to conceive right now, then the hormonal treatments like combined pill or mirena will usually give you good control over the symptoms. If you have already completed your family, then you would like to opt for definitive surgical treatments.
7. Plastic-containing period products will take nearly 1000 years to biodegrade – According to the Women’s Environmental Network in UK, every woman who menstruates, uses more than 11,000 disposable menstrual products during their reproductive cycle. Pads, tampons and panty liners usually generate more than 200,000 tonnes of plastic-containing waste each year. Many pads and tampons are made from cotton and sprayed with chemical pesticides that destroy biodiversity and lead to potentially lethal pesticide poisoning in cotton workers. Hence, newer tampons are organic and do not have plastic or perfume in them.
There are environmentally friendly sanitary pads made from 100% bamboo. This type of plant is growing rapidly, biodegrading, greenhouse gas-absorbing, high oxygen releasing, microbe-busting, waste-reducing and soil-restoring. The best way to lessen the impact of period products on the environment is by using eco-friendly options such as period underwear, menstrual cups and reusable sanitary pads. You need to visit your gynecology clinic near you to ask the gynae about the right sanitary pads you should use for your periods.