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PAP Smear Test

Cervical Smear Test or Pap Test in London

The world of medicine has changed and is still in the process of changing. Changes in the medical field haveimproved greatly, saving more lives by treating more diseases before they become fatal. Various medical procedures have been introduced for early detection of variousdiseases. One of such procedures is the cervical smear test or PAP test.

What Is A Smear Test?

A cervical smear test is also known as a PAP test or a PAP smear test. It is a medical test that is meant to check for abnormal cells in the cervix. This test picks up abnormalities in the cervical cells. These cells, if ignored, later develop into cervical cancer. Note that the test does not check for cervical cancer; it merely checks for abnormalities in the cells of the cervix.

PAP test also checks for the presence of Human Papilloma virus (HPV) as well. Infact, there are a good number of other diseases that are checked for after a smear test.

Who Needs A Smear Test?

PAP Test

The PAP smear test is recommended by the NHS for every woman from the ages of 25 - 64. This is because, within these age range, abnormal cells are more likely to be noticed easily. For women below the age of 25, abnormal cells are more likely to go away on their own, even without medical intervention. Also, it is less likely for these abnormalities in the cells to develop into cervical cancer for women below 25 years of age.

On the other hand, women above 64 years of age do not have abnormalities in their cells anymore. If they were not detected between 25 - 64, as they grow older, the cells would have fully developed into cancerous cells. At the recommended ages of 25 - 64, the abnormal cells will be identified (if any), and the necessary treatment to prevent cervical cancer and other dangerous diseases will commence.

Who Carries Out A Pap Smear Test?

A smear test should be done by an experienced and qualified gynaecologist in a gynaecology clinic. Several gynaecology clinics in London conductsmear test in London. One of such clinic is the Gynaecology clinic.

Here we specialise in all form of gynaecology tests, including a smear test in London. We also offer private smear tests for people who need their comfort. At Gynaecology clinic, we are regarded asone of the best when it comes to private smear test in London and also a general smear test in London.

Do I Need A Smear Test?

Having a smear test is simply a matter of choice. However, you should consult with your gynaecologist to be sure if you need one. You should understand the benefits and vices of PAP smear test before getting one. At the gynaecology clinic, we offer advice to our clients when they decide to have a PAP test. Such advice includes the benefits and vices of getting a smear test in London.

Benefits of A Smear Test
  • It detects abnormalities in cells, which if ignored, can lead to cervical cancer
  • It is very useful in detecting and preventing cancer
  • It also helps in detecting changes that indicate other possible diseases like HPV
Vices of A Smear Test
  • Possibility of a false negative result. This is a situation whereby abnormal cells are not noticed by the examiner, after a PAP smear test. Because of this, the results are deemed negative, and the abnormal cells continue to grow. It could be as a result of failure on the part of the examiner, or equipment or tool error.
  • Possibility of a false-positive result.This is a situation whereby abnormal cells are noticed after a PAP test. However they may not turn out to be cancerous in future. As a result, the patient undergoes treatment that she does not need.

What Does A Smear Test Involve?

Just like every other medical procedure, a PAP smear test involves certain things you should bear in mind. In our clinic at the Gynaecology Clinic, we ensure our clients are in good health before undergoing a smear test in London.

Before Taking The Test

It is ideal to take a PAP smear test when you are not on your period. This is because the menstrual flow can interfere with the samples taken from the cervix. Also, if you are in contraceptives, you would be advised not to have sexual intercourse for at least 24 hrs before the test. Sperm cells and sexual secretions can also get in the way of the test.

Even if you are going for aprivate smear test, the above conditions are still applicable.

Taking The Test

Pap Smear Test

A cervical smear test in London doesn't last more than 10 minutes. In some cases, it even lasts less than 10 minutes, usually about 5 minutes. Before the test, we will ensure you are comfortable before we begin. PAP smear test is not a major procedure. However, some people still feel a bit of discomfort or pain. To prevent this, we at The Gynaecologyclinic will ensure your comfort throughout the procedure.

You will have to remove your clothes from the waist down and lie on your back with your knees bent. You will be covered up until it is time for the test. To begin, an instrument called a speculum would be used to open up the vagina. After which, samples of cells in the cervix are collected using a small brush. The samples are then taken to the lab for tests.

After The Test

After the test, you can return to your normal daily activities as soon as possible. Some women might experience slight bleeding, but this is nothing to worry about, however, when it becomes heavy bleeding, accompanied by pain, then it could be indications of another problem. Do not hesitate to contact us when you notice any of the above problems.

Result Variations

After a PAP test, your results should be ready within two weeks. If after six weeks, and your result isn't ready, then contact the gynaecologist. The results can be any of the following.

ormal Result

This is an ideal PAP smear test result. This shows that there are no abnormal cells in the body that will develop into cancerous cells in the future. However, we at the Gynaecology clinic will advice you to have regular smear tests for early detection of cancer. If you are aged 25 - 49, you should take the test every 3 years. If you are aged 50 - 64, then the test should be taken every 5 years. If you want a private smear test, you can also contact us.

Inadequate Result

This happens when the cells collected were not enough to give a definite result. Due to this, the test will have to be conducted again, this time properly.

Borderline Abnormal

If your result reports borderline or mild changes to the cell, it means you need to be tested further for HPV. If you have a high risk of HPV, then it means there is a need to conduct further tests to confirm the presence or absence of HPV. With a low risk, routine smear tests will be continued.

Abnormal Results

Having an abnormal test result does not mean you have cancer. It is called dyskaryosis and simplymeans the cell examined had abnormalities in them. Often, these abnormalities can go away on their own, but it is advised that once your results show abnormalities, you should commence necessary treatment.

Moderate Or Severe

A moderate or severe change,as reported in the result, does not mean you have cancer. It means you have to undergo treatment to correct these abnormalities. Sometimes they can even clear up on their own.

Smear Test And Pregnancy

Routine PAP smear test should be put on hold until after 3 months after delivery. If you have had abnormal results before pregnancy, then you need to be tested further for possible abnormalities.

Conclusion

According to NHS, women between the ages of 25 -64 should undergo regular smear tests in London, and other parts of the UK.

At the Gynaecology clinic, we undergo different types of gynaecology tests, including PAP tests. Private smear test in London is equally available for those who request for it. Smear tests pick up abnormalities in cells, thereby making it easier to prevent cancer even before it comes.

Contact us today on 02071830435 to book an appointment for a PAP smear test or private smear tests.

  • Suite A, 117A Harley St, Marylebone,
    London W1G 6AT, UK
  • info@gynaecologyclinic.com
  • 020 7183 0435
  • Mon - Fri : 9 am to 9 pm
    Sat : 10 am to 2 pm