Call Now Book Online Now
14 May 2024

Importance of Proper Nutrition for the Health of Women

Many women have a habit of neglecting their dietary needs, especially when struggling with family and work. They are generally extremely preoccupied with their responsibilities, which can be the reason why health and nutrition unintentionally takes a back seat. It is important to know about the significant impact of diet on your health condition. While women’s overall calorie and food quantity requirements may be lower, their needs for specific minerals and vitamins are higher. Understanding these nutritional demands as part of a balanced diet for women is necessary for support during various stages of life. This may include the reproductive years to menopause. Here we discuss about the importance of nutrition in women’s health and provide necessary guidelines for a complete diet.

Significance of Nutrition in the health of women

Proper nutrition is very important when it comes to women's health. Below are some ways nutrition can influence physical and mental well-being.

Hormonal balance

Women’s bodies pass through different kinds of hormonal changes at the menstruation, pregnancy, menopause, and daily life. Having a well-balanced diet for women helps to regulate these hormones by lessening symptoms such as – premenstrual problems, menopausal discomforts and mood swings.

Reproductive health

Women of child-bearing age should bear proper nutrition in mind in relation to their diet. Nutrients such as folic acid are vital for the foetal development and iron prevents anaemia, which is common during pregnancy. Proper nutrition is necessary for women undergoing the stress of perimenopausal and menopausal physical as well as mental problems.

Bone Health

Women are at greater risk of osteoporosis compared to men, particularly post-menopause. Taking Calcium and vitamin D are essential for maintaining bone density and strength. These are generally included in the healthy diets for women. A diet high in these nutrients and regular physical activity may significantly lessen the risk of bone-related diseases and fractures.

Chronic Disease Prevention

Proper nutrition may help to manage and prevent chronic diseases such as diabetes, heart disease and certain types of cancer. Diets rich in vegetables, fruits, whole grains, and lean proteins, while low in processed foods and sugars are essential in maintaining a healthy weight and lessening the risk of these conditions.

Mental Health

There is a strong connection between your routine diet and mental health. Nutrients such as omega-3 fatty acids, present in fish, seeds and nuts support brain health and play a vital role in dealing with anxiety and depression. The best nutrition for women includes B vitamins, iron and magnesium which can significantly impact cognitive function and mood.

Energy Levels

Women can generally feel fatigued and nutrition has a vital role in addressing this. Balanced meals with the combination of carbohydrates, fats and proteins provide sustained energy all through the day. Iron is essential as its deficiency may be the reason for tiredness and reduced cognitive function.

Hair, Nail and Skin Health

Healthy food for women can affect their overall appearance. Vitamins A, C, E, biotin, and minerals such as selenium and zinc support healthy hair, nails and skin. It may enhance how women feel and look about themselves.

Essential nutrients for women’s health

some key nutrients which are necessary for the health of women are the


If you are feeling tired and do not have energy to do your work or feel exhausted by the end of the day, it can indicate a deficiency in iron. Good sources of iron are poultry, seafood and meat. Leafy green vegetables, beans, nuts and raisins are also good sources of iron, the iron you get from plant foods is different from the iron through animal sources. It is possible to increase
absorption of iron with more citrus foods such as oranges and lemons.


If you feel the bones are weakening, focus on calcium intake. The deficiency of calcium in your diet may be the reason for mood problems such as anxiety, depression, irritability and sleep difficulties. The intake of dairy products of at least 500 ml in a day is necessary. Other sources are nuts like lentils, almonds and vegetables such as kale and broccoli. Two other nutrients for better absorption of calcium are magnesium and Vitamin D. Sunlight is the perfect source of Vitamin D and dietary sources include fortified milk and egg yolk. Taking green leafy vegetables and nuts are the perfect sources of magnesium intake.

Omega-3 Fatty Acids

There are necessary fats that the body cannot produce alone. Omega-3s are essential for cardiovascular health which decreases the risk of heart disease. It is the leading cause of death in women. They have a crucial role in brain health and may help with depression. Sources of omega-3s are fatty fish such as flaxseeds, salmon, chia seeds and walnuts. Besides, having this deficiency during pregnancy may affect the mental health of a newly born child.

Vitamin D

Vitamin D is necessary for immune function, mood swings, muscle health, calcium absorption and bone health. Sunlight is the main source of Vitamin D and foods such as egg yolks, fortified milk and fatty fish are necessary in places with less exposure to the sun.


Zinc is necessary for immune function, blood clotting, thyroid function, wound healing and much more. Zinc is essential during pregnancy for foetal development. Sources of zinc are nuts, seeds, shellfish, meat, dairy products and legumes.

How women can improve their nutrition needs

It is important to assess the present diet and include more nutrient-rich foods in order to
improve your nutritional intake.

Below are some effective strategies for improving nutrition:

  • Select whole grains and reduce refined grains
  • Consume different kinds of vegetables and fruits
  • Lessen the consumption of sugar-laden and processed foods.
  • Try to concentrate on lean protein sources such as poultry and fish
    Stay properly hydrated

If you want to maintain optimal health, make sure you are aware and cater to nutritional demands at different stages of life. Having a balanced diet which is rich in nutrients will support physical health and improve mental well-being. It is advisable for women to consult with the gynaecologist for dietary advice, which can be pivotal in dealing with specific health concerns and maintaining a good lifestyle.